The seminar held at CR-2, Old Campus, IIM Ahmedabad on September 21, 2015 by Prof Shreya Lalwani, Academic and Administrative Head at Kakubhai Parikh School on Masculinity and Gender in the Power and Politics in Organisation
- Prof Shreya Lalwani, Academic and Administrative Head at Kakubhai Parikh School
India has more than doubled its power generation capacity between the years 2000 to 2014 and coal accounts for more than 66% of its total electricity production. Since 1961, the ‘pit-head’ plant placement policy of India, directs preferential construction of plants near coal-mines. Consequently fewer than 60 districts (less than 10%) of India at present account for more that 90% of all coal-based installed capacity. In this paper we exploit the cross-sectional variation resulting from this ‘pit-head’ plant placement policy and the temporal variation induced by rapid capacity expansion to identify the distributional impacts of coal-fired power generation in India. We find that during this period every Giga-Watthour of coal-power generation has increased local ambient SO2 pollution by 32% and NO2 pollution by 5%. We also find localized adverse health impacts.
- Prof. Anish Sugathan, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad